Perinatology is a division that deals with high-risk pregnancies. This discipline requires a 3-year special education following residency of gynecology and obstetrics. Prepartum, partum and postpartum risks are analyzed, numerous fetal and/or maternal diseases are diagnosed before the birth, they are treated and followed up and invasive (diagnostic and therapeutic) procedures are carried out; problems that may occur in multiple pregnancies are detected, fetal anomalies are diagnosed early, chromosomal abnormalities are screened, miscarriages and still births are prevented and their treatments are completed.
Following diagnosis and treatment modalities are available at Perinatology outpatient clinic;
- Combined screening tests and early fetal anomaly screening at 11-14 weeks,
- Sonographic investigation of fetal anomaly at 18-23 weeks,
- Evaluation of fetal growth and development and late fetal anomaly screening at 28-32 weeks,
- Diagnosis and management of structural fetal anomalies,
- Diagnosis and management of infectious diseases,
- Diagnosis and management of genetic diseases,
- Diagnostic invasive procedures (amniocentesis, cordocentesis, CVS)
- Diagnosis and treatment of Erythrocyte Alloimmunization (Rh incompatibility) and fetal anemia (Transfusion; “intrauterine blood transfusion”)
- Medical diseases in pregnancy (hypertensive episodes (pre-eclampsia), diabetes and diseases of liver, kidney and blood etc.)
- Risk of miscarriage, cervical insufficiency, miscarriage threat, premature rupture of membrane (rupture of amniotic membrane and break of water before the labor)
- Diagnosis, follow-up and management of fetal growth and development (Doppler ultrasound),
- Multiple pregnancies and follow-up and management of problems
- Diagnosis and management of placenta previa (placenta attaching to or around the cervix; occlusion of the birth canal) and invasion anomalies
- Partum and postpartum problems (bleeding etc.) .