Multidisciplinary Clinics

There is a need for special attention and specialization in all branches related to diabetes. For example, the general surgeon who will perform any surgery knows that the wound healing will be delayed if the patient's blood glucose control is not good. Or, if the neurosurgeon is obliged to give cortisone to the patient, he / she considers that the blood sugar will rise more and this will affect the general health of the patient. Therefore, the person with diabetes is a patient requiring privileged follow-up for all clinical branches.


Andrology (Urology)

One of the complications of diabetes is that sexual problems are more obvious in men. In this regard, a consultation is requested from the urologist (if possible, the andrology department, which has special expertise on male hormone health).


Dental care and hygiene are important in the follow-up of diabetes. Impaired blood sugar control may lead to increased dental problems and failures in treatment; dental problems can cause blood sugar to rise. Therefore, teamwork is important.


All diabetic patients should undergo medical nutrition therapy. This issue is also important for those who have weight problems and who use insulin. The diabetic dietician provides appropriate patients with training in carbohydrate counting and provides flexibility in disease management.


Diabetes is a metabolic disease. Endocrinology is a branch of internal medicine specialty related to hormone and metabolic diseases. It is the main branch in the follow-up and treatment of diabetic patients. Plans advanced technological applications such as insulin pumps; coordinates the diabetes team; pursues the activities to follow and implement professional and patient developments.

Infectious diseases

There is a tendency for infectious diseases in diabetes and there may be problems in getting response to treatment. Vaccination should be studied in cooperation with the infectious diseases specialist, especially in the treatment of resistant infections, and in the provision of diabetic foot treatment.

Eye diseases

One of the most important organ damage to diabetes is retinal damage (retinopathy). It can progress without complaint and result in rapidly developing vision loss. In addition, some eye diseases are more common in people with diabetes. For this reason, patients should have their ophthalmic examinations once a year.

Internal diseases

Internal diseases are the most important component in the coordination of general health problems in adults. Diagnosis and follow-up of the diagnosis and treatment of diabetes are carried out by the physician in this field.


Diabetes mellitus, heart failure, such as problems are more common. Although patients with diabetes do not complain, they are vital for early diagnosis and early treatment. Because heart problems may not produce the usual symptoms and the patient may not realize that he / she has a heart problem. Therefore, cardiology consultation is one of the indispensable elements of diabetes follow-up.

Stem cells

Diabetic foot wounds can cause serious problems leading to loss of limb. Cellular treatment applications for wound healing are emerging as new and effective methods. In the treatment of wound, the regenerative cells applied to the surgical site can make the treatment of the diabetic foot wound possible, thus allowing the limb to be recovered. The effect of cellular therapy on diabetic wound healing, as well as its ability to be applied in chronic or acute wounds, has a serious potential.


Failure to control blood sugar and blood pressure in diabetes affects the kidneys and can cause kidney damage (nephropathy). However, early diagnosis and treatment can prevent kidney disease. For early diagnosis, microalbumin values in urine and nephrology consultation are required if the kidney problem develops.


One of the common complications of diabetes is nerve damage (neuropathy). Therefore the patient should be consulted by the neurology physician in terms of pain, heat, contact loss and even paralysis..

Obesity Surgery

Metabolic surgery should be considered in obese patients in whom dietary, exercise and drug applications are insufficient in the follow-up and treatment of diabetes.


It is an indispensable member of the orthopedic surgeon team for the removal of deep tissue, bone biopsy when needed, and for the evaluation of the patient with osteomyelitis.

Plastic surgery

Plastic surgeons are an important member of the team in diabetic foot cases. Diabetic wound repairs with appropriate tissue transfers provide a significant reduction in limb losses. Also, cosmetic problems caused by weight loss after obesity operation are successfully corrected by plastic surgery specialist.

Ask Liv Expert