Anemia is a symptom of a disease that exhibits symptoms such as fatigue, shortness of breath, exhaustion, anger, depression, headache, and dizziness during movement, climbing stairs, walking and working. The most common cause of anemia is iron deficiency. This is followed by thalassemia and drug use!

What is Anemia?

Anemia is defined as the levels of hemoglobin inside red blood cells, which is responsible for carrying oxygen, being lower than the accepted levels for the age and gender. The accepted limit for hemoglobin levels in adult women is 12 g/dl. Although anemia is such a common condition, unfortunately due to the problems in both diagnosis and treatment, most patients refer to hematology outpatient clinics saying that although they have anemia problems and they use various blood medications, their anemia does not improve.

It may have many symptoms

Fatigue, weakness, tachycardia and shortness of breath while doing work are among the most common complaints. In cases where anemia has a rapid onset, for example, in case of serious injuries due to accidents or sudden bleeding in the stomach, fainting, shock, even coma may develop in addition to the symptoms above. Such symptoms can be observed in anemias arising from almost any cause. Since iron is an essential substance for our cells covering the skin and mucosa, in addition to red blood cells, the deficiencies may include cracks on the lips, hair loss, dry skin, sometimes itching and difficulty in swallowing and nail disorders.

Who experiences iron deficiency anemia?

The reason for iron deficiency anemia in women is menstruation and pregnancy. Menstrual period should last for three days and be completely finished on the fourth and fifth days. Iron consumption increases in pregnant women as a result of the development of the baby in the womb. This situation continues during the nursing period and if the mother's iron stores are at the limit, severe iron deficiency anemia can be experienced. In such cases, pregnant women are recommended to use iron pills and folic acid vitamin for protective purposes before they develop anemia.   Another group at risk is meat-poor people and vegetarians. Eating normal amounts of iron-rich foods is important in preventing iron deficiency.

However, in case of prolonged bleeding, these foods cannot prevent the depletion of iron stores.

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