RTMS (Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation)
What is RTMS?Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) involves a series of short magnetic pulses directed at the brain to stimulate nerve cells. Magnetic stimuli stimulate field neurons and alter the functioning of the respective brain circuits.
Research has been conducted around the world since 1985 to understand and treat a range of neurological conditions (Migraines, Parkinson's disease, tinnitus) or psychiatric conditions (schizophrenia, depression, or auditory hallucinations) with rTMS. Recently, researchers have focused on the use of rTMS as a treatment option for major depressive disorder, auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia, cognitive disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder.
Rapidly changing magnetic stimuli cause neurons to change the firing pattern in the brain. It can change the dysfunctional brain structures by changing the firing pattern of neurons in the brain circuits of an individual involved in a disorder such as depression, migraine, Parkinson's disease, tinnitus. Brain activity changes are thought to be a mechanism by which treatment occurs. The patient stays awake during the procedure and can return to normal daily activities immediately afterwards (No medication or anesthesia is required). The patient sits comfortably in a reclining chair throughout the session.
How does rTMS work?
A typical time for rTMS Treatment can range from 4 to 6 weeks. However, treatment may vary depending on the person's response and course of treatment. Typically, healing effects begin to appear within the first ten days of starting treatment. Most patients tend to notice the expected benefit from treatment within the second week of treatment. Some patients may need maintenance (continued) treatment after about 6-12 months.
How long does the treatment take?
In which areas is it used?
- Panic attack
- Obsessive compulsive disorder
- Negative symptoms of schizophrenia
- Migraine (headache)
- Chronic neuropathic pain
- Parkinson's disease
- Post-stroke rehabilitation
- Tinnitus (tinnitus)
- Vestibular rehabilitation
It should be prescribed by a specialist in the field.
How can RTMS treatment be applied?
Each of the RTMS sessions is approximately 20 minutes and is applied 6 days a week.
How long does the RTMS treatment session last?
Since RTMS treatment does not require any sedation or general anesthesia, patients are fully awake and aware during the treatment. Patients can then go home by car.
Is it necessary to stay in the hospital during the RTMS treatment process?
Use in childhood: RTMS has proven effective in the treatment of different central nervous system (CNS) disorders. This technique significantly increases the effectiveness of corrective actions targeting the mental and language state. TMS is also effective in children with cerebral palsy (CP) receiving neuroprotective therapy.
Can RTMS therapy be used in children?
- Autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
- Perinatal CNS injury (stroke, CP)
- Tourette's syndrome
- Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
- Developmental delay (including speech delay)