It is a disease that causes visual field loss by causing damage to the visual nerve as a result of increased intraocular pressure. If unrecognized and untreated, it may permanently go to blindness. Eye pressure, corneal thickness, thickness of the visual nerve fibers and visual field examination are extremely important in the diagnosis. A variety of factors are evaluated, such as the condition of the eye pressure and how much damage it has done. Treatment with the appropriate treatment options such as laser therapy or surgical intervention is started.
SymptomsEye pressure usually does not give a symptom in the early period. Since the disease progresses slowly and there is a loss from the environment to the center, the loss of a certain visual field is not noticeable. Early diagnosis can prevent the progression of glaucoma. The resulting eye nerve damage is permanent. Detailed eye examination and the above-mentioned tests are required for diagnosis. A rare type of eye pressure may be nausea, vomiting, pain, and blurred vision. Angle closure, this type of eye tension is a small part of patients, patients, other symptoms such as eye pressure may not occur.
Factors increasing the risk of glaucoma
- Advancing age
- Family history of glaucoma
- High blood pressure
- Long-term cortisone therapy
- Eye injuries
DiagnosisMeasurement of eye pressure with devices called tonometry, evaluation of eye nerve damage, eye wall examination, visual field test and eye drain angle examination, advanced methods that examine the visual nerve and nerve fiber layer are of great importance in planning glaucoma diagnosis and treatment.
Treatment of glaucoma can be done in three ways
- Laser treatment
- Surgical treatment
A wide variety of surgical methods are available. Methods such as opening a pathway that facilitates the outflow of excess fluid in the eye, suppressing the formation of the eye fluid, or draining the fluid into a reservoir tube may be applied