What is Growth Hormone?
One of the two hormones that are most effective on growth is growth and the other is thyroid hormone. The growth hormone is secreted by the pituitary gland in the brain region. Growth hormone levels show increases and decreases during the day; most nights are secreted asleep. Sleep, exercise, physical stress, adolescence, hunger and fall in blood sugar stimulate the secretion of growth hormone.
The main biological effect of growth hormone is to increase the height growth. It increases bone thickness, soft tissue (muscle) growth, protein production, fatty acid release, insulin resistance and blood sugar levels. The enlarging effects of growth hormone are mediated by insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1). IGF-1 is mainly produced in the liver and in growth plates in the extremities of long bones. Growth hormone and nutritional status determine the level of circulating IGF-1; In cases of growth hormone deficiency and nutritional deficiency, the level of IGF-1 decreases and the growth slows down.