Breast cancer occurs when one of the groups of cells that make up the breast tissue undergoes a change and starts to multiply uncontrollably. The cancerous tissue first spreads to the near perimeter, then to the lymph nodes near the breast. In patients who have not been diagnosed and treated on time, the cancer can spread to other organs and cannot be treated and may cause loss of life. In other words, breast cancer, like many types of cancer, can result in death if not treated.
Breast cancer seen in one out of every 11-12 women in Turkey, cause of death among women ranks second only to heart and vascular disease.
Breast cancer, which can be seen in women of all ages, is mostly seen in women aged 50-70. In recent years, the average age of patients is shifting towards young people.
In the last 50 years, the incidence of breast cancer in the world is twice as high. In the socioeconomically developed Western countries, one out of every 8 women is seen in one out of every 20 women.
Mammography once a yearMammography is the main diagnostic method for the diagnosis of breast cancer and is considered the gold standard. The World Health Organization (WHO) states that every woman from age 40 must have her mammography once a year. Mammography is not recommended as a first diagnostic method in patients under the age of 40 years. The reason for this is that the breast tissue is intense at this age, the sensitivity of mammography is reduced and the sensitivity of the breast tissue to radiation in this period is high. However, mammography can be taken at any age when needed.
Ultrasonography is an adjunctive examination for mammography. Imaging is performed using ultrasonic sound waves. The most important area of use is to give information about the internal structure of the masses found in clinical examination or mammography. In young patients, ultrasonography provides more information than mammography. There are no side effects.