Thyroid cancers with a very poor prognosis are not seen in 90-95 percent of the cases. It is possible to completely recover from the disease when radioactive iodine treatment is added in the appropriate patients, such as papillary thyroid cancer and follicular thyroid cancer.
Control Required for Early DiagnosisThyroid cancers do not show significant symptoms in most patients. When they present, they are most often seen with a small swelling of the neck. These nodules are usually painless nodules. It is very important not to disrupt the controls for early diagnosis.
Risk Factors in Thyroid Cancer
- Being a woman: Although the cause is unknown, thyroid cancers are 3 times more common in women than men. However, the incidence of cancer in men with thyroid nodules is higher than women.
- The presence of large bowel cancer in the family: disease in the large intestine, especially familial adenomatous polyposis syndrome
- Some rare genetic diseases, such as Cowden's disease, where breast and thyroid cancers can be seen together
- Radiation exposure
- Iodine-poor diet
- The presence of thyroid cancer in the family