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Asperger Syndrome

Asperger Syndrome

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Liv Hospital Ulus
Prof. MD. Gülşen Köse
Pediatric Neurology
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11 November 2023
Article Content
  • Asperger Syndrome: What is It?
  • Important Asperger Syndrome Symptoms
  • Asperger Syndrome Causes
  • Recognizing and Helping People with Asperger Syndrome

  • ASD meaning
    , or autism spectrum disorder, is a general term that covers a variety of neurodevelopmental disorders that impact how people see and interact with the world. Asperger Syndrome is a subtype of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) that is identified by specific features and characteristics that set it apart from other forms of autism. Delve into the realm of Asperger syndrome in this blog, as we explain to you what is autism, its causes, symptoms, and how to deal with those diagnosed with it.

    Asperger Syndrome: What is It?

    The term "Asperger Syndrome," sometimes just called "Aspergers," was formerly used to refer to a particular subtype of autism spectrum disorder. However, Asperger's diagnosis has recently been combined into the more general category of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). Even with this change in terminology, many people, including professionals, continue to refer to this particular form of autism as Asperger Syndrome.

    A distinct mix of social and communication challenges, along with an obsession with particular hobbies or topics, define Asperger's syndrome. Although autistic people share some characteristics with Asperger Syndrome, each individual's presentation of the condition varies greatly.

    Important Asperger Syndrome Symptoms


    Even though most Aspergers symptoms can be similar to autism symptoms, there are clear signs to identify them clearly:

    Reduced Social Interaction:

    People with Asperger's syndrome frequently have trouble interacting with others, which includes difficulty deciphering and interpreting non-verbal clues like body language, tone of voice, and facial expressions. In social situations, they could find it difficult to maintain eye contact and could come across as awkward or aloof.

    Limited and Repetitive Interests:

    Having extraordinarily narrow and focused interests is one of the main characteristics of Asperger syndrome. Individuals diagnosed with Asperger's syndrome may devote excessive time to studying and talking about their preferred subjects, frequently to the detriment of other pursuits. These interests can be very specific and detailed, like learning a particular scientific subject or memorizing train timetables.

    Repetitive Behaviors:

    People with Asperger's syndrome may have recurring rituals or behaviors that they find comforting or helpful in reducing stress. Ritualistic hand flapping, rocking, or other repetitive movements could be manifestations of these actions.

    Outstanding Memory and Acute Attention to Detail:

    Many people with Asperger Syndrome have exceptional memories and keen attention to detail. They have excellent memory recall abilities and might do well in fields like music, engineering, or mathematics that call for them.

    Communication Difficulties:

    Despite their propensity for strong language, people with Asperger's syndrome sometimes find it challenging to understand the subtleties of conversation. They might interpret words literally, which could result in miscommunication or a lack of social reciprocity.

    Difficulty with Empathy and Emotional Understanding:

    People with Asperger Syndrome may find it difficult to empathize with others or to recognize and react to their feelings. They might find it challenging to identify the emotional needs of people around them and to respond to them appropriately.

    Sensory Sensitivities:

    Sensory sensitivity is a common symptom of Asperger's syndrome. They might be overly sensitive to stimuli that usually cause discomfort or distress, like bright lights, loud noises, or particular textures.

    Confused with signs of autism and Asperger syndrome? You can contact Liv Hospital experts in Istanbul to know more!

    Asperger Syndrome Causes

    It's unclear exactly what causes autism and Asperger syndrome. Research indicates that a combination of genetic and environmental factors leads to the development of these conditions.  The following are some essential details about possible causes of ASD:

    Genetic Factors:

    Research has indicated a significant hereditary component to ASD, with a higher chance of the condition in families where there has previously been an autism diagnosis. However, a complex combination of multiple genes interacts to cause ASD rather than being caused by a single gene.

    Brain Development:

    People with ASD have been shown to have abnormalities in both the structure and development of their brains. These variations might impact how the brain communicates and processes information in social and communicative contexts.

    Environmental Factors:

    Environmental factors, such as prenatal exposure to toxins or infections, may occasionally contribute to the development of ASD, even though genetics remains a major factor.  These factors are still not fully understood, though.

    No Connection to Vaccines:

    Notwithstanding earlier disputes over this matter, it is imperative to stress that there is no reliable scientific evidence connecting vaccinations to the onset of ASD.

    If you are finding it difficult to cope with the condition, get in touch with our experts in Istanbul for medical help!

    Recognizing and Helping People with Asperger Syndrome