Diabetes Mellitus (Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes, Pregnancy Diabetes)
The most common types of diabetes, also known as diabetes, are type 1 diabetes (childhood type), type 2 (adult type) diabetes and gestational diabetes. Diabetes patients in our hospital, experienced in the endocrinologist, internal medicine specialist, dietician and diabetes nurse team is examined and treated, long-term follow-up, patients and relatives of patients are given diabetes education. In addition, services are provided for the early diagnosis and prevention of disease in persons who are at risk of developing diabetes in the future. Technological treatment and monitoring systems such as insulin pump, continuous blood glucose monitoring are also applied.
Obesity is an important disease in our country as well as in the world. Diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, blood fat deterioration, joint problems and cancer, such as many prepare for the ground. The common cause of obesity is that the person takes excessive calories, while not consuming enough calories. However, first of all, it should be investigated and revealed that there is no hormonal or metabolic disease underlying the weight gain. Because many endocrine diseases show themselves with weight gain.
Insulin Resistance States (Metabolic Syndrome and Polycystic Ovary Syndrome)
Insulin resistance is the underlying condition of many diseases, particularly diabetes mellitus, and is usually genetically transitional. Metabolic syndrome is defined as the presence of two or more disorders of blood sugar and insulin metabolism disorders, overweight, hypertension, disorders of blood fat, uric acid elevation, polycystic ovary syndrome. In the event of not being diagnosed and not taking the necessary precautions, it will accelerate the emergence of brain, kidney and leg vascular diseases, especially the heart, over time..
Slimness (Anorexia Nevroza, Bulimia)
If the diagnosis and treatment of these diseases, which are of psychological origin and are mostly seen in young women, can not be done in a timely manner, the types of disease may arise due to the deterioration of working patterns of hormone centers in the brain. Thyroid diseases are among the most common health problems in the society. The thyroid gland determines the working speed of the body with thyroid hormone secreted, and if there is an increase in hormone secretion (hyperthyroid-toxic goiter) or reduction (hypothyroid-less study), all organs and systems in the body are affected. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment are of great importance. This becomes more important, especially since it can affect both the mother and the baby during the pre-pregnancy and pregnancy stages and can have negative consequences. One of the most common diseases of the thyroid gland is the nodular or nodulised goiter. It is imperative that the thyroid nodules are carefully examined and monitored, especially when the nodules are at risk of developing cancer and should be treated, including surgery, where necessary. Because complete thyroid cancers can be completely eliminated by timely diagnosis and treatment. Like all other organs, there are also inflammatory diseases of the thyroid gland..
Parathyroid glands are located in the neck, in the back of the thyroid gland; they are calcium metabolism regulating glands. Parathyroid glands (hypoparathyroidism) or hyperparathyroidism (hyperparathyroidism) is the major parathyroid disease. Untreated, it may lead to many metabolic complications including bone resorption and fractures..
The pituitary gland is an organ located at the base of the brain, operating as the center of administration of all major hormone systems in the body. Pituitary gland (hypopituitarism), tumors (prolactinoma, acromegaly, Cushing's disease, nonfunctioning tumors etc.), pituitary diseases are the main pituitary diseases. Pituitary diseases are followed and treated by the endocrinology department. Working in cooperation with branches such as brain surgery and radiation oncology.
Adrenal glands are located on both kidneys. Adrenal gland failure (adrenal gland failure), excessive function or tumors (non-functional tumors, Cushing syndrome, pheochromocytoma, primary hyperaldosteronism, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, adrenal gland cancers, etc.) are mainly adrenal gland diseases.
Hirsutism is a common condition. It may be structural and racial, or it may develop in many cases due to underlying hormonal causes. Therefore, hair removal and so on. Efforts to resolve these methods will fail in these individuals. The right method is to investigate whether there is an underlying hormonal disease that may lead to feathering, primarily by an endocrinologist; if it is detected, it is the use of the appropriate method (hair removal, medicine, etc.) for hair removal if it is not detected. Polycystic ovary syndrome, hyperprolactinemia, congenital adrenal hyperplasia and Cushing's syndrome are the most common diseases that can cause hair loss..
Testicular and Ovarian Diseases
Infertility caused by the disorder of sex hormones in women and men, decreased libido (sexual reluctance), erectile dysfunction in men (erectile dysfunction), the increase in hair growth in women can be caused by the disease of the testicles and ovaries, as a result of other hormonal diseases may also ocur; should be checked by endocrinology; and should be treated via appropriate treatment.
Osteoporosis and Other Metabolic Bone Diseases
Osteoporosis is a bone metabolism disease. Although the most common form of post-menopausal osteoporosis is the differential diagnosis of osteoporosis due to other causes, it is important for the patient to receive the correct treatment. With the use of osteoporosis, paget, osteogenesis imperfecta, etc. metabolic bone diseases such as endocrinology.
Lipid (Blood Oils) Metabolism Diseases
It has been customary to treat lipid metabolism disorders and lipid metabolism disorders known as cholesterol elevations in rare metabolic diseases in cardiology and internal diseases clinics. Because cholesterol levels cause cardiovascular diseases, this practice usually provides adequate treatment for the patient. However, the treatment of a rare group of lipid metabolism diseases is more complex and these diseases are monitored by the endocrinologist. Similarly, the treatment of rare diseases such as Gaucher, Nieman Pick, Fabry etc. is the field of endocrinology and metabolic diseases specialist.