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Spinal Disc Herniation

Oluşturma Tarihi: 11.11.2023 21:46 | Son Güncelleme: 13.11.2023 11:17

Spinal Disc Herniation


Spinal disc herniation is a common and painful condition. Though it can appear in other spine areas, it usually affects the lumbar (lower back) region. Patients may become confused because these conditions are sometimes called bulging discs, slipped discs, or herniated discs interchangeably. We will examine all the facets of spinal disc herniation in this extensive guide, including symptoms, available treatments, and the recuperation process.

Disc Herniation: What Is It?

The soft inner core of an intervertebral disc pushes through the hard outer layer, called the annulus fibrosus, to cause a spinal disc herniation, also known as a herniated disc.  This may occur because of aging, normal wear and tear, or a sudden trauma.

Although "slipped disc," "herniated disc," and "bulging disc" are frequently used synonymously, they differ slightly. A herniated disc suggests a more severe rupture or displacement of the inner core, whereas a bulging disc involves a gradual protrusion of the disc material.

Symptoms of a Herniated Disc

Symptoms of Herniated Disc

Depending on where the damaged disc is located and how much pressure it places on surrounding nerves, a herniated disc can cause various symptoms. Typical herniated disc symptoms could be:

  • Lower Back Pain: Sharp or dull lower back pain is one of the most common signs of a herniated disc. Either a localized or leg-wide radiating pain is possible.
  • Leg Pain (Sciatica): Pain, numbness, or other symptoms may occur if a herniated disc presses against a nerve.
  • Muscle Weakness: Leg muscle weakness or trouble moving the affected area can result from herniated discs.
  • Numbness and Tingling: Affected areas in patients may feel numb and tingly, sometimes extending to the toes and feet.
  • Bladder or Bowel Dysfunction: In rare instances, pressure from a herniated disc may cause problems for the nerves that regulate the bladder and bowel movements, resulting in incontinence.

Are you experiencing herniated disk symptoms? Don't put off taking care of your pain and discomfort; get expert advice and assistance right now. Make an appointment with Liv Hospital in Istanbul to begin your journey to relief and healing. Our top priority is your health.

Treatment for Herniated Discs

Treatment of Herniated Disc

After performing a physical examination, a medical practitioner might advise imaging tests like CT, MRI, or X-rays. The severity of each patient's symptoms and unique situation will determine how to treat a slipped disc in the back appropriately. These are a few typical bulging disc treatment choices:

Conservative Approach:

a.Rest: Acute pain and discomfort can be reduced with rest and minimal physical activity.

b.Physical therapy focuses on building back and core muscles, increasing flexibility, and encouraging good posture.

c.Medication: Physicians may prescribe muscle relaxants, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and painkillers to treat pain and inflammation.

d.Epidural Steroid Injections: By lowering inflammation surrounding the injured nerve, these injections can offer momentary relief.


a. Microdiscectomy: This procedure may be suggested when more conventional therapies prove ineffective or when the symptoms are severe. This minimally invasive procedure removes the herniated disc material that is pressing on the nerve.

b. Laminectomy: To relieve pressure on the spinal cord or nerves, a laminectomy is a herniated disk treatment that removes a small portion of the vertebral bone.

c. Spinal Fusion: This procedure may require severe instability or numerous herniated discs. Through this herniated disc surgery, the spine is stabilized by joining two or more vertebrae together.

Looking for herniated disc treatment in Turkey? Contact Liv Hospital experts in Istanbul for more information!

Recovery and Retraining

The course of treatment, the patient's general health, and the severity of the ailment all affect how quickly a spinal disc herniation heals. Here are some essential things to think about when you are recovering from a herniated bulging disc in the back:

  • Observe Medical Advice: It's essential to follow the advice of your healthcare provider about medication, physical therapy, and rest.
  • Physical therapy: Participating in a controlled physical therapy program can enhance posture, strength, and flexibility while fostering long-term healing.
  • Pain Management: Follow your doctor's instructions for managing pain, but try not to rely too much on medication to avoid adverse side effects.
  • Return to Activities Gradually: As your health improves, return to activities bit by bit, being careful not to overdo intense or high-impact exercises.
  • Lifestyle Changes: Making lifestyle adjustments like maintaining a healthy weight, adopting good posture, and remaining active can help stop disc herniations in the future.

Keeping Your Spinal Disc From Herniating

You can lower your risk of spinal disc herniation even though some risk factors, like age and genetics, are uncontrollable:

  • Keep Your Weight in Check: Carrying too much weight strains the spine and raises the possibility of disc bulge.
  • Maintain Good Posture: Good posture will lessen the strain on your spine. Maintain a straight back and relaxed shoulders when you sit or stand.
  • Remain Active: Frequent exercise, especially exercises that target the core, can support the spine and lower the risk of disc herniation.
  • Lift Safely: Use safe lifting techniques, such as bending your knees and keeping the object close to your body, when lifting heavy objects.
  • Ergonomic Workstation: Make sure your desk is set up ergonomically if you work at a desk.

For those who might be at risk, it is crucial to comprehend the signs, the diagnosis, and the available treatments. Treatment plans should be customized for each patient, regardless of whether they involve surgery or more conservative measures. A successful recovery and a lower chance of recurrent disc herniations can be achieved with a combination of medical attention, physical therapy, and lifestyle modifications.

People can preserve a healthy spine and lessen the impact by adopting preventive measures and adhering to medical professionals' advice. Contact Liv Hospital experts in Istanbul to book an appointment!

* The Editorial Board of Liv Hospital has contributed to the publication of this content.
* The contents on our website are for informational purposes only. Please consult your physician for diagnosis and treatment. The content of this page does not include information on medicinal health care at Liv Hospital.

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