Robotic Surgery in Kidney Cancer
Renal cancers originating from the kidneys of the kidneys constitute 2-3% of all body cancers. Renal cancers, a type of urological cancer that can be life-threatening, are seen in 2 women against 3 men. The disease affects mostly 60-70 years old, but it can be seen in young people. It is also known that there is a 2-3% rate of family crossing in researches.
Smoking is the most important risk factor for kidney cancer. It is known that 20-30% of the infected people are exposed to any of the tobacco products. In addition, the other two important factors identified in excess weight and high blood pressure. Since the kidneys are located in the posterior abdominal region, many kidney tumors can grow without symptoms. 50 percent of kidney cancers are diagnosed and diagnosed during another examination. Disease itself after the growth of the tumor in the urine bleeding, pain or spread to other organs can show. In addition, it can give symptoms such as weight loss, fever, nausea and weakness.
Surgical intervention with early diagnosis in kidney cancer is very important because it provides complete healing. Sometimes a simple urinalysis can be diagnosed by an ultrasound, a computed tomography (CT) or a magnetic resonance (MR) image.
Types of Kidney CancerEach of the kidneys has a unit that can produce more than one million urine. Each of these units is called a "nephron". Each nephron is associated with a microscopic renal tubule. Each tubule is also associated with tubules from other nephrons. The tubules carry the urine through the collecting channels to the pelvis, the central part of the kidney. If kidney cancer develops from these tubules, these tumors are called "cortical tumors." Renal pelvis is called "urinary tract epithelial cell cancer" (urothelial cancer, transitional cell cancer).
All the masses in the kidney are not cancer. There are renal cysts which can be diagnosed mostly by imaging techniques and non-malignant tumors called angiomyolipoma. Other organ cancers (such as breast, lung, skin) can also be metastasized to the kidneys. Again, lymphoma in the kidney is also a type of cancer. In these cases, the method followed in the treatment of the original cancers and similar treatment methods are used.
Kidney Cancer SymptomsKidney cancer usually grows insidiously. Tumor growth symptoms can be listed as follows:
- Bleeding in urine
- Spread to other organs
- Unexplained weight loss
- No fever or flu-free fever
- Edema in the legs due to insufficient fluid in the body