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Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer

Few topics are as important and challenging as the different types of cancer that might afflict us in the complex fabric of human health. One of these is prostate cancer, one of the most common diagnoses for men worldwide and can change their lives. Prostate cancer is a topic that invites conversation regarding risk factors, early detection, available treatments, and the emotional journey that comes along with receiving a diagnosis.

If you are looking for answers to "Is prostate cancer curable?" or for other questions, this blog is committed to illuminating the many facets of prostate cancer, from its signs, causes, and treatment.

What Is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer often develops in the prostate gland, a little gland with a walnut-like shape that is a part of the male reproductive system. The prostate gland, located just beneath the bladder, surrounds the urethra, the tube via which urine and semen leave the body. The spectrum of Prostate cancer stages, from I (localized) to IV (advanced/metastatic), describes how far the tumor has grown and spread.

When cells inside the prostate gland begin to uncontrollably expand and multiply, a tumor known as prostate cancer is formed, these malignant cells may metastasize or spread to different body areas if untreated. The prostate cancer survival rate is high, with an overall 5-year, with 98% of men diagnosed in localized or regional stages living at least five years following diagnosis. So, the primary question that might clog your mind is: Can women get prostate cancer? Women cannot develop prostate cancer because they do not have a prostate gland. Only people with a prostate gland, a male reproductive organ, can get prostate cancer.

Prostate Cancer Symptoms

Individual differences in early signs of prostate cancer exist, and some men may even show no symptoms at all. It's crucial to remember that these signs of prostate cancer do not always indicate this medical condition only because other non-cancerous illnesses can also bring them on. They are:

Urine-Related Symptoms:

  • Frequent urination, particularly at night.
  • A challenge in beginning or halting urinating.
  • Insufficient or irregular urine flow.
  • There might be pain or burning during urination.
  • Sperm or urine that contains blood.

Pelvic Discomfort:

  • Pain or discomfort in the thighs, hips, or lower back.
  • Discomfort while sitting, particularly in the prostate region.
  • Erection issues: difficulty maintaining or achieving an erection.

It's crucial to understand that several illnesses can contribute to these prostate cancer symptoms, including benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), urinary tract infections, and other non-cancerous problems. However, seeking medical assistance for a proper diagnosis is advised if you have any persistent or alarming symptoms.

Remember that prostate cancer frequently progresses slowly and may not initially exhibit signs. Regular screenings are essential for early detection, especially if you have a greater risk due to variables like age, family history, or other factors. These screenings may include a PSA blood test and a digital rectal examination (DRE).

You can talk to our medical experts in Istanbul if you are experiencing any kinds of symptoms as mentioned above!


 

What Causes Prostate Cancer?

Various possible risk factors could be involved in the occurrence of prostate cancer:

  • Age: Older men are more likely to develop prostate cancer. After age 50, the risk rises significantly, and males over 65 are diagnosed with the majority of instances.
  • Genetics and Family History: Prostate cancer risk is higher in men with a history of the disease in their families. If you have a sibling or father with prostate cancer, your risk increases. Prostate cancer risk is also elevated by specific inherited genetic mutations, such as those in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes.
  • Race and Ethnicity: Men of African origin from the Caribbean and African Americans are more likely to develop prostate cancer. Males from Asia and Latin America are less at risk. It's unclear why there are such racial and ethnic disparities.
  • Androgen: The male sex hormone testosterone and its derivatives, commonly referred to as androgens, contribute to the expansion and development of the prostate gland. Prostate cancer may be brought on by high androgen levels or modifications in how the body reacts to them.

Prostate Cancer Treatment

Here are a few typical methods for prostate cancer treatment that can have a significant impact on the survival rate of prostate cancer :

Active Surveillance

This method entails closely observing the development of cancer with routine check-ups, PSA tests, and sometimes additional biopsies. Treatment can be postponed until there is proof that the cancer is more aggressive.

Prostate Cancer Surgery (Radical Prostatectomy)

The entire prostate gland and surrounding tissues are removed during prostate cancer surgery. This is a typical treatment for locally advanced prostate cancer and is frequently advised for people who are younger and in better health.

Radiation Therapy

High-energy rays are used in radiation therapy to find and kill cancer cells. It can be applied internally (with brachytherapy, where radioactive seeds are injected right into the prostate) or externally (with external beam radiation).

Androgen Deprivation Therapy (ADT)

Androgens, found in male hormones, are essential for the growth of prostate cancer cells. Through medication or testicular removal surgery, hormone therapy seeks to reduce the levels of these hormones in the body. It is frequently combined with other medical procedures.

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy uses medications to destroy cancer cells. Usually, more advanced prostate cancer that has progressed outside the prostate is treated with it.

Targeted Therapy

These more recent therapies aim to block particular chemicals that support the development of cancer cells. They are frequently employed when hormone therapy is no longer effective in treating advanced prostate cancer.