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Robotic Kidney Transplant Surgery

Robotic Kidney Transplant Surgery

Robotic kidney transplantation is a kidney transplant procedure performed using robotic surgery instead of traditional surgical methods. In this method, surgeons perform the surgery using robotic surgical systems. Robotic surgery allows the surgeon to control precise movements and work with smaller incisions.

What is the Method of Robotic Kidney Transplant Surgery?

Robotic kidney transplant surgery is a similar but minimally invasive surgical procedure to a traditional kidney transplant. The surgery is performed using a robotic surgical system. During the procedure, the donor and recipient kidneys are prepared separately. The donor undergoes a minimally invasive surgery using laparoscopic methods and the kidney is removed. The recipient receives a kidney transplant with minimal incisions through a robotic surgical system. This method involves the use of robotic arms capable of performing precise surgical procedures, giving the surgeon a high degree of control and visualization. Compared to traditional open surgery, kidney transplantation with robotic surgery causes less tissue trauma, less blood loss and can speed up the patient's recovery.

What are the Advantages of Robotic Kidney Transplant Surgery?

Robotic kidney transplant surgery has many advantages over traditional open kidney transplant surgery. These advantages are as follows:

  • Smaller incisions: It allows the surgeon to make smaller incisions in the body. This helps reduce postoperative pain, wound infection and scarring.
  • Better vision: Provides the surgeon with a 3D and high-resolution image. It provides a better view during surgery, allowing the finest vessels and nerves to be transferred without damage.
  • More precision: Reduces tremors in the surgeon's hand. This allows for greater precision during surgery, enabling more accurate transfer of organs.
  • Shorter surgery time: The robotic surgical system helps to shorten the duration of surgery. This helps reduce the patient's hospital stay and recovery process.
  • Better results: It gives better results compared to traditional open kidney transplant surgeries. This is associated with the success of the kidney transplant and improvement in the patient's quality of life.

The Process of Robotic Kidney Transplant Surgery

Robotic kidney transplant surgery is similar to laparoscopic kidney transplant surgery. However, robotic arms are used instead of the cameras and instruments used in laparoscopic surgery. This makes it easier and safer for the surgeon to perform the surgery.

The general process of robotic kidney transplant surgery is as follows:

  • Patient preparation: The general health condition of the patient is evaluated before the surgery.
  • Anesthesia: The surgery is performed under general anesthesia.
  • Making the incisions: 4-5 incisions smaller than 1 cm are made in the abdomen. Through these incisions, the robot arms are inserted into the abdomen.
  • Removal of the donor kidney: The kidney is removed from the donor using the robot arms.
  • Transplanting the kidney to the recipient: The kidney is transplanted to the recipient using the robot arms.
  • Closing the incisions: The incisions are closed.

The average operation time is 2-4 hours. Robotic kidney transplant surgery is an important treatment option for patients with kidney failure. This surgery can significantly improve patients' quality of life and life expectancy.

 

Recovery from Robotic Kidney Transplant Surgery

Recovery from robotic kidney transplant surgery is often faster than traditional open surgery. Thanks to its minimally invasive nature, patients have less pain and hospital stay can be shorter. In the postoperative period, patients can mobilize faster and return to normal activities can be accelerated. However, the recovery process may vary from person to person and there are risks of complications. Patients should follow regular follow-up and medical recommendations after surgery. 

Results of Robotic Kidney Transplant Surgery

The results of robotic kidney transplant surgery are generally successful. Since this method is minimally invasive, patients have less postoperative pain and recovery may be faster than traditional open surgery. In addition, the lack of sutures and the use of small incisions after kidney transplantation with robotic surgery may also provide aesthetic advantages. With a good tissue match and appropriate donor selection, kidney transplantation performed with this method can improve the patient's quality of life and help improve kidney function.

However, the risk of infection, kidney rejection and other potential complications are still present in the postoperative period and patients may need regular follow-up and treatment. The experience of the surgeon performing the procedure and patient care can also affect outcomes.

Frequently Asked Questions

In addition to practical information such as postoperative pain, healing process and treatment cost, there are more technical and detailed questions such as the effectiveness of robotic surgery technology, the training of surgeons and which types of surgeries it is suitable for.

Can robotic kidney transplantation be used to treat kidney failure?

Robotic kidney transplantation may be an option for the treatment of kidney failure. Kidney failure is a condition in which the kidneys cannot fully function. Treatment options include dialysis and kidney transplantation. Kidney transplantation is one of the most effective methods of treating kidney failure because a healthy kidney can restore the kidney function of the recipient.

What is the Da Vinci Surgical System?

The da Vinci surgical system is a robotic surgical platform used in minimally invasive surgical procedures. This system provides surgeons with high precision and control and helps surgeons perform more complex and precise surgical procedures.

Is Robotic Kidney Transplant Surgery Painful?

Since a minimally invasive method is usually used during robotic kidney transplant surgery, the surgery itself is less painful than traditional open surgery. However, every patient is different and pain threshold may vary. Postoperative pain management may vary depending on the center where the surgery is performed. Your surgical team will determine the appropriate treatment methods to minimize postoperative pain.

How soon can I return to normal activities after surgery?

How soon you can return to normal activities after surgery may vary depending on your personal recovery process, the success of the surgery and your overall health. However, patients usually experience a faster recovery than with traditional open surgery.

How to find a suitable donor for a kidney transplant?

Finding a suitable donor for a kidney transplant requires a serious process. The donor evaluation process is handled by the kidney transplant team. The ideal donor should be biologically compatible, so tissue compatibility is important. The donor must also be healthy and willing to donate a kidney. Kidney transplant centers perform a series of tests and examinations to evaluate potential donors and select suitable candidates. Donor selection is based on expert assessment by the kidney transplant team. This process is carried out with care to ensure that the candidate and the recipient achieve the best results.

* Liv Hospital Editorial Board has contributed to the publication of this content .
* Contents of this page is for informational purposes only. Please consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment. The content of this page does not include information on medicinal health care at Liv Hospital .
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13 May 2024
Liv Editorial Board
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