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What Is Pharyngitis

Oluşturma Tarihi: 14.11.2023 16:42 | Son Güncelleme: 16.11.2023 14:56

Whay Is Pharyngitis


Wondering “Why does my throat hurt when I swallow?” You are most likely to have a sore throat condition - a prevalent ailment that affects people of all ages. Even though it is frequently only a small annoyance, it can nevertheless cause discomfort and annoyance. Pharyngitis, a condition that can range from mildly irritating to seriously painful, is one of the main causes of a sore throat. We will delve into the ins and outs of pharyngitis in this extensive guide, covering its causes, symptoms, and available treatments.

Pharyngitis: Fundamentals

The inflammation of the pharynx—the area of your throat behind your mouth and nasal passages—is known as pharyngitis or a sore throat. Numerous things, such as allergies, irritants, and infections, can contribute to this illness. Pharyngitis is most commonly caused by viruses, but it can also be caused by bacteria, with streptococcal bacteria (Streptococcus pyogenes) being the most common cause. When streptococcal bacteria are the cause, it's referred to as strep throat, which can be more serious and necessitate particular care.

Why Do People Get Pharyngitis?

Here are some reasons why:

  • Viral Infections: Pharyngitis can be caused by viruses, including the Epstein-Barr virus (which causes infectious mononucleosis, or "mono"), the common cold, and the flu. These infections are usually self-limiting, improving with time and rest. One common side effect of bacterial infections, like strep throat, is pharyngitis.
  • Bacteria: More serious strep symptoms such as a high fever, tonsillitis, and enlarged lymph nodes in the neck can be caused by streptococcal bacteria. Antibiotic therapy may be necessary for strep throat to avoid complications and lower the infection's potential to spread.
  • Allergies: A  sore or scratchy throat may result from an allergy to airborne irritants like pollen or pet dander. In allergy sufferers, postnasal drip a condition in which nasal mucus runs down the back of the throat can also frequently be the source of sore throats.
  • Irritants: Pharyngitis and throat irritation can result from exposure to chemicals, pollution, and cigarette smoke. Those exposed to these irritants regularly may develop a persistent sore throat as a result.
  • Acid reflux disease (GERD): The ailment that causes stomach acid to reflux back into the esophagus is called acid reflux disease, or GERD. It can cause symptoms like chronic pharyngitis and a burning feeling in the throat. The sore throat can be lessened by treating the underlying GERD.

Common Pharyngitis Symptoms

Pharyngitis Symptoms

Here are some of the common strep throat symptoms in adults:

  • Sore Throat: A throat sore is the primary sign of pharyngitis. The pain, which ranges from mild to severe, makes it difficult to swallow.
  • Painful Swallowing: You might feel a burning or sharp sensation in your throat when you swallow, as well as pain or discomfort.
  • Dry Throat: Swallowing frequently worsens pharyngitis by causing a dry, scratchy feeling in the throat.
  • Hoarseness: Anxiety in the pharynx can result in a raspy or heavy voice.
  • Redness and Swelling: When a medical professional examines the back of the throat, it may appear red and swollen.
  • Coughing: If postnasal drip is evident, a persistent cough may indicate pharyngitis.
  • Fever: You may experience a fever when you have bacterial pharyngitis, which includes strep throat. Other symptoms like headache and body aches frequently accompany this.
  • White Or Yellow Patches: A strep throat symptom could be white or yellowish patches on the tonsils and back of the throat.

Looking for strep throat treatments in Turkey? Contact Liv Hospital expert in Istanbul!

Home Remedies and Self-Care for Pharyngitis

Pharyngitis Treatment

Here are some actions on how to get rid of a sore throat:

  • Rest: Allow your body to rest to mend and heal. Steer clear of demanding activities and get lots of rest.
  • Hydration: It's critical to maintain adequate hydration. Warm liquids, such as herbal teas and broths, can help soothe your throat.
  • Humidify: To help relieve dryness and discomfort in your throat, use a humidifier in your room to maintain a moist atmosphere.
  • Gargle with Salt Water: Warm liquids can ease sore throats; examples of these include herbal teas and broths. Gargle with a solution made of 1/4 to 1/2 teaspoon salt and 8 ounces of warm water several times a day.
  • Throat Lozenges and Hard Candy: By promoting saliva production and calming effects, over-the-counter throat lozenges and hard candy can provide momentary relief from throat pain.
  • Painkillers: Over-the-counter strep throat medication can help lower fever and pain. Make sure to consult a doctor before having a sore throat medicine.
  • Other remedies: A bowl of hot water with steam can make your throat feel more at ease and hydrated. For even more relief, you can add a few drops of essential oils, such as eucalyptus.

Even if your symptoms subside while following strep throat self-care, you must take the entire course of strep throat treatment as directed by your doctor. Contact Liv Hospital experts in Istanbul to know more!

How to Avoid Pharyngitis

It can be challenging to prevent pharyngitis, particularly when highly contagious viral infections bring it on. However, you can take the following steps to reduce your risk:

  • Preserve Good Hygiene: Avoid close contact with sick people, and wash your hands frequently with soap and water.
  • Cover Your Mouth and Nose: When coughing or sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or the inside of your elbow. Throw away used tissues the right way.
  • Avoid Sharing Drinks, Eating Utensils, and Personal Items: To lower the chance of infection transmission or infection, do not share drinks, eating utensils, or personal items.
  • Boost Your Immune System: You can reduce your risk of infection by leading a healthy lifestyle that includes a balanced diet, frequent exercise, enough sleep, and stress reduction.

It's critical to get medical help if you think you may have a throat infection or if your symptoms are severe and enduring. Contact Liv Hospital experts in Istanbul!

* The Editorial Board of Liv Hospital has contributed to the publication of this content.
* The contents on our website are for informational purposes only. Please consult your physician for diagnosis and treatment. The content of this page does not include information on medicinal health care at Liv Hospital.

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