Pediatric Intensive Care

Pediatric intensive care is a medical unit designed to meet the special care needs of critically ill or seriously injured children.
Pediatric Intensive Care

What is Pediatric Intensive Care

Pediatric intensive care is a medical unit designed to meet the special care needs of critically ill or seriously injured children. This unit is usually located within hospitals and provides children with the intensive medical supervision and treatment necessary to deal with emergencies or serious health problems. Pediatric intensive care units (PICUs), or often called neonatal intensive care units, can provide service to children of various age groups.,

Which Diseases are Treated in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit?


Pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) are usually designed to deal with serious illnesses, serious injuries and life-threatening situations. A wide range of conditions and diseases can be treated at pediatric intensive care units.

Here are some diseases and conditions handled by pediatric intensive care units:

Prematurity and Neonatal Intensive Care:

  • Infants born prematurely
  • Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)
  • Neonatal sepsis Icterus (jaundice)

Respiratory System Problems:

  • Asthma
  • Pneumonia
  • Bronchiolitis
  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)

Cardiovascular Problems:

  • Cardiac arrest
  • Congenital heart diseases
  • Shock states

Neurological Problems:

  • Seizures
  • Neuromuscular diseases
  • Head injuries

Metabolic Problems:

  • Sepsis
  • Carbohydrate metabolism disorders
  • Electrolyte imbalances

Traumas and Serious Injuries:

  • Post-accident injuries
  • BurnsTraumatic brain injuries

Congenital Anomalies:

  • Congenital malformations
  • Congenital heart diseases
  • Genetic disorders

Organ Transplant and Post-Surgical Care:

  • Intensive care after organ transplants
  • Care after major surgical operations

Hematological and Oncological Diseases:

  • Care after bone marrow transplants
  • Severe blood diseases and cancer

Digestive System Problems:

  • Severe gastroenteritis
  • Gastrointestinal obstructions

Liv Hospital Pediatric Intensive Care Unit

In the Pediatric Intensive Care Department of İstinye University Hospital, critically ill children aged between 28 days and 18 years whose vital signs are at risk are treated and followed up. In the Pediatric Intensive Care Department, diagnosis and treatment of the following diseases can be performed:

  • Noninvasive and invasive respiratory supports and treatments for acute respiratory failure
  • Diagnosis and treatment of ARDS
  • Diagnosis and treatment of sepsis
  • Diagnosis and treatments of hypovolemic, septic, cardiogenic, obstructive (neurogenic and anaphylactic) shock
  • Diagnosis and treatment of acute renal failure
  • Diagnosis and treatment of arrhythmia
  • Diagnosis and treatment of poisoning
  • Diagnosis and treatment of convulsions
  • Respiratory problems due to neurometabolic diseases, treatments with respiratory support
  • Diagnosis and treatment of congenital and acquired heart diseases
  • Congenital heart diseases, care after cardiac surgery
  • Treatment and follow-up of congenital metabolic diseases
  • Extracorporeal life support treatments (continuous venovenous hemodialysis, continuous venovenous hemofiltration, continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration, plasma exchange
  • Venovenous and venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)